Dark spots are skin patches developed by high amounts of melanin. Also known as hyperpigmentation and age spots, dark spots can appear at any time but are most common during middle age.
Skin spots may appear light or dark brown or sometimes black. They can develop anywhere on the skin but are likely to occur on body parts that receive the most sun exposure, such as the face, back of the hands, arms, and back.
What Causes Dark Spots?
A variety of factors are responsible for the appearance of these brown spots. Some of them are as follows:
Overproduction of Melanin
As mentioned before, dark spots can appear due to the overproduction of melanin. The more melanin, the darker your skin will be. Melanin is your skin’s natural pigmentation agent, which dictates the shade of your skin. Sun exposure can also contribute to greater melanin production, giving your skin a darker appearance.
Dark spots can also arise due to hormonal shifts. These types of dark spots are called melasma which is triggered by excess production of estrogen and progesterone. Usually, melasma occurs in pregnant or perimenopausal women. Taking hormonal supplements also creates a hormonal imbalance which can lead to hyperpigmentation.
Extreme sun exposure also significantly contributes to dark spots. Even though sun exposure is difficult to avoid, it is still possible to protect your skin with sunscreen, sun-protective clothing, hats, and more. Constant sun exposure, sunburns, unsafe tanning, and other such reasons can cause an increase in melanin production. Harmful UV rays of the sun also encourage the production of melanin. Sun damage can also create dark spots that do not fade with time.
Inflammation of the skin, wounds, pimples, and more can leave a long-lasting impact on your skin, even after they have healed. Such lesions also result in dark spots.
Exposure to sunlight, air pollution, alcohol, smoking, and poor nutrition creates free radicals. The presence of free radicals creates oxidative stress and damages your skin, further resulting in hyperpigmentation or dark spots.
How to Prevent Dark Spots?
The best way to prevent dark spots is by regularly using sunscreen and brightening serum. Never step out of your house without applying sunscreen all over the exposed areas of your body. No matter what you do, you cannot eliminate dark spots naturally. However, many skin brightening treatments are available for effectively reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation or dark spots and giving you a natural glow.
What are the skin brightening treatment options in India?
Laser skin treatments can effectively reduce the appearance of dark spots and other skin ailments. The focused beam of laser light breaks up the pigmentation under your skin, reducing dark spots and giving you even-toned skin.
At Clinic Dermatech, we use a variety of chemical peel treatments to effectively remove dead skin cells and stimulate the growth of a fresh layer of skin. Our chemical peels are highly effective in reducing dark spots and resurfacing softer and clearer skin.
It is a mechanical form of exfoliation performed under dermatologist guidance. Microdermabrasion is a process that encourages the regeneration of new skin cells and removes dirt, debris and dead skin cells from your skin. This results in a polished and cleaner skin surface that absorbs the skincare products in a better way.
Skin Brightening Infusion
Skin brightening injectables are an effective treatment to combat the darker and more chronic spots. Deep-seated pigmentation problems such as melasma, freckles and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation respond satisfactorily to this procedure. During this treatment, a potent mix of skin brightening actives is directly injected into the skin that helps the dark spots to fade away within a few sessions.